HCN News & Notes

Study Reaffirms Need for Sodium Reduction in Food Supply

DALLAS — An international study suggests other aspects of the diet may not offset the harmful effect of sodium on blood pressure. The study, published in the American Heart Assoc. journal Hypertension, also reaffirms the need for widespread sodium reduction in the food supply.

Researchers reviewed data on sodium intake and intake of 80 nutrients, such as proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, that may relate to blood pressure in 4,680 women and men (ages 40-59) in Japan, China, the U.K., and the U.S. participating in the INTERMAP study. The data included sodium and potassium excretion levels in urine collections. Researchers concluded that other dietary nutrients may not reduce the detrimental effects of sodium.

“Regularly consuming excessive amounts of sodium, derived mainly from commercially processed food products, is an important factor in the development of the elevated blood pressure patterns,” wrote co-lead author Dr. Jeremiah Stamler. “To prevent and control the ongoing epidemic of prehypertension and hypertension, the salt content in the food supply must be reduced significantly.”

About 75{06cf2b9696b159f874511d23dbc893eb1ac83014175ed30550cfff22781411e5} of the sodium Americans eat comes from processed, prepackaged, and restaurant foods — not from the salt shaker when cooking or at the table. The American Heart Assoc. recommends adults consume no more than one teaspoon of salt (2,300 mg sodium) total per day through all the foods they eat.

“We’re learning more about the role other nutrients play in influencing the blood-pressure-raising effects of sodium, and that the focus on sodium remains important,” said Cheryl Anderson, vice chair of the American Heart Assoc. nutrition committee. “Restaurant and prepackaged food companies must be part of the solution because Americans desire the ability to choose foods that allow them to meet their sodium-reduction goals.”

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